On this July 1st, the Roman martyrology and the Byzantine synaxariums (liturgical calendars) commemorate Abba Moses the Ethiopian. This black man, vigorous and tall, was born in Ethiopia in 332. He was a violent nature. Author of several crimes, he fled human justice and arrived in the desert of Egypt. There, he experienced a radical conversion, he dedicated himself to monastic life, and became a disciple of the Desert Fathers, among whom Macarius the Great. Conscious of the mercy with which God had filled him, he became a model of humility, kindness and charity. John Cassian did not hesitate to call him "the greatest among all the saints."
This apophthegm(*) illustrates the merciful wisdom of Abba Moses:
One day, at Skete [region of the desert of Egypt where monastic communities were established and where also lived hermits], a brother committed a fault. They held a council to which Abba Moses was invited. But he refused to go. Then the priest sent someone who said to him: "Come, because everybody is waiting for you." So he got up and left. He took a leaky basket, filled it with sand and carried it. The others, going out to meet him, said to him "What is this, father?" The old man said, "My sins are spilling out behind me and I do not see them, and here I am today coming to judge the fault of another." Hearing this, they said nothing to the brother, but forgave him.